Substance and Human tracking
TRAINING DOGS FOR SEARCHING FOR TRACES OF SCENT OF PEOPLE AND SUBSTANCES
(human odor, drugs, explosives, cigarettes, alcohol) AND HUMAN BEHAVIOUR CONTROL.
- Do not let yourself lose control (if this happens you may lose control over your dog).
- Once the dog is well-trained it is able to cope with all/ any exercise.
- The dog must be aware of the necessity to execute the command.
- New sets of exercises may be begun only when dog is calmed (this helps to avoid bad habits).
- The more emotional (moody) the trainer is, the less control over the dog’s behaviour he has.
- Patience must go hand in hand with firmness.
- The training should be a source of pleasure for both guide and dog.
- It is much easier to teach a dog obedience when training is pleasurable and enjoyable.
RULES AND CONDITIONS APPLY WHILE TRAINING FOR SEARCHING FOR TRACES OF SCENT OF PEOPLE AND SUBSTANCES (human odor, drugs, explosives, cigarettes, alcohol):
- Always start when the dog has achieved a maximum of “fetch!” skills.
- At initial phase of dressage choose suitable ground and make sure that the dog is concentrating fully, able to follow exercises and that nothing distracts its attention.
- Show the items to the dog and then hide them, but only in convenient, reachable and visible location.
- The next step is to show the object (which must be smelled by dog) and cover it. Then hide it, but in different location, not showing the dog where it is.
- Keep dog rewarded (depending on what the dog likes – treat ,fetch, chew toy.)
- Don’t scold or punish while training.
- The training must be stopped when dog is tired. But always encourage the dog to finish the process of searching the scent, before stopping.
- Changes of time, place, guide and type of scented materials should take place frequently.
- The training should be sited at spacious and pleasant rooms.
- A search of the premises should be done clockwise.
- A search should be done systematically and not selectively.
- Always search from the bottom to the top to up to 1.5 meters.
- Never end up the search in similar places as the initial ones.
- Do not guide the dog by leash, encourage unassisted search.
- Do not overwork your dog physically before the search.
- If the dog copes with the task, it should be gradually given more difficult areas and search conditions.
- If the dog has an aptitude for unassisted search, allow it to work independently, without leash.
THE TECHNIQUE OF WORKING WITH A DOG SEARCHING FOR TRACES OF SCENT OF PEOPLE AND SUBSTANCE (human odor, drugs, explosives, cigarettes, alcohol).
- Get as much information as possible about the designated search area.
- Define the time of placing explosives and possible explosion time.
- Run the dog out and practice his obedience for a while.
- Dress up the dog and keep it a distance of approximately 3 meters from the workplace.
- A search should be lead in accordance with the rules of pyrotechnic techniques. Indicate to the dog the exact space to be searched.
- Keep the dog encouraged by commands: -smell, -search, -fetch!
- The detection of the trace of scent (human odor, drugs, explosives, cigarettes, alcohol etc.) should be demonstrated by the dog sitting.
- During the search of large objects it is recommended to take a break.
- While training do not overwork the dog, by giving it tasks exceeding its skills.
- Handler and dog work as a team. The dog searches by sense of smell, the guide must have his/her eyes and ears wide open.
THE PREPARATORY STAGE:
- Let the dog run off the leash before starting the search.
- Take equipment (muzzle, collars) off the dog.
- Put on the dog’s working harnesses.
- Pin up the leash.
- Wash the dog’s nostrils with 1 % boric acid solution.
- The dog is ready to start off.
FACTORS FACILITATING THE SEARCH FOR TRACES OF SCENT OF PEOPLE AND SUBSTANCE (human odor, drugs, explosives, cigarettes, alcohol).
- Good condition of dog.
- Lack of distracting stimulus.
- Guide’s passion and involvement.
- Awareness of dog’s psychological condition.
- Knowledge of dog’s behavior.
- Guide must have an advanced “sense of direction”.
- Both physical and psychological condition of trainer/ guide should be firm.
- Dog’s advanced skill at odor distinction.
- Systematic training leading to quick improvement.
- Moderate temperature and air humidity.
- Weather: no wind or light breeze.
FACTORS HINDERING THE SEARCH FOR TRACES OF SCENT OF PEOPLE AND SUBSTANCE (human odor, drugs, explosives, cigarettes, alcohol)
- Places contaminated by strong odours or scents.
- Stimuli distracting the dog’s attention.
- Lack of trainer/ guide involvement.
- Guide’s/ trainer’s aggression.
- Guide’s nervousness or emotional state of mind.
- Weak theoretical and practical preparation.
- Dog’s weak skills or predisposition.
- Dog’s poor health condition.
- Lack of observed training improvement.
- Air temperature above 25 degrees or below minus 15 degrees.
- Strong gusty wind.